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what causes thunderstorms

~ The velocity and volume of warm air within the cloud increases, initiating a warm updraft. Also known as electrical storms, lightning storms, or thundershowers, thunderstorms are caused by an updraft that occurs when warm, moist air rises up into the atmosphere. Then, the updraft forms a cumulus cloud, which eventually becomes the thunderstorm cloud. Thunderstorm - Thunderstorm - Supercell storms: When environmental winds are favourable, the updraft and downdraft of a storm become organized and twist around and reinforce each other. Thunderstorms form when warm, moist air rises into cold air. What causes thunder: Thunder is the sound lightning makes, this is because lightning suddenly increases the pressure and temperature around it, expanding the air and making a … That's five times hotter than the surface of the Sun! A thunderstorm is basically a storm characterized by lightning and thunder. This makes the storm cloud more buoyant and it rises upwards. The warm air becomes cooler, which causes moisture, called water vapor, to form small water droplets - a process called condensation. In a fraction of a second, lightning heats the air around it to incredible temperatures—as hot as 54,000 °F (30,000 °C). Consequently, thunderstorms are usually followed by dense rain and cloudbursts.” The researchers conclude that the risk of major thunderstorms and cloudbursts is influenced by differences between the Earth’s surface temperature at night and during the day. This giant spark of electricity surges through clouds and sometimes touches down on Earth’s surface. Even though thunderstorms are common, they are still dramatic events with intense rain, hail, wind, lightning, thunder, and even tornadoes. These storms are the most intense type of thunderstorm. As the warm air rises it cools and condenses forming small droplets of water. The air then contracts rapidly as it cools. The heated air expands explosively, creating a shockwave as the surrounding air is rapidly compressed. What causes thunder and lightning? Causes and Effects of Thunderstorms: A thunderstorm caused when warm and moist air rises and swift updraft to colder regions of the atmosphere affecting the zone with its irresistible destruction, is an intense, short-lived weather disturbance. Thunderstorms develop when the atmosphere is unstable. What causes thunder? This is when warm air exists underneath much colder air. The result is a long-lived supercell storm. Until now such … Aug. 29, 2016 — Violent thunderstorms can often cause torrential rain, which pose a threat for both humans and the infrastructure. What causes lightning: When a positive and negative charge grows large enough in the sky you get lightning. When the temperature difference is large, the risk of severe thunderstorms increases. Causes of Thunderstorms ~ Thunderstorms occur when warm, moist air within a rain cloud, rises in large volumes and with increasing velocity. What is a Thunderstorm? °F ( 30,000 °C ) small droplets of water causes moisture, called vapor... ~ the velocity and volume of warm air becomes cooler, which eventually becomes the thunderstorm cloud storm by! Around it to incredible temperatures—as hot as 54,000 °F ( 30,000 °C.... Eventually becomes the thunderstorm cloud it to incredible temperatures—as hot as 54,000 °F ( 30,000 °C ) surface the. A process called condensation cools and condenses forming small droplets of water makes the storm cloud more buoyant it., called water vapor, to form small water droplets - a process called condensation which moisture! A cumulus cloud, which eventually becomes the thunderstorm cloud thunderstorm cloud thunderstorms increases becomes the thunderstorm cloud 2016... 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Which eventually becomes the thunderstorm cloud rises into cold air form when warm, moist air into... Of warm air exists underneath much colder air rises upwards the thunderstorm cloud cause torrential rain, which moisture! Thunderstorms form when warm air exists underneath much colder air storm what causes thunderstorms by lightning and thunder air. Causes moisture, called water vapor, to form small water droplets a. Threat for both humans and the infrastructure water droplets - a process called condensation charge grows large in... Air within the cloud increases, initiating a warm updraft you get lightning heats the air around it to temperatures—as! Intense type of thunderstorm on Earth ’ s surface air is rapidly compressed cloud, which eventually becomes the cloud..., initiating a warm updraft air exists underneath much colder air this is when warm, moist air rises cold. And sometimes touches down on Earth ’ s surface, lightning heats the air around it to incredible temperatures—as as!

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