drop off the last vowel or Ь and add И. In Russian grammar, the system of declension is elaborate and complex.Nouns, pronouns, adjectives, demonstratives, most numerals and other particles are declined for two grammatical numbers (singular and plural) and six grammatical cases (see below); some of these parts of speech in the singular are also declined by three grammatical genders (masculine, feminine and neuter). To tell the truth I do not quite understand what you are asking about. – if the word ends in O – replace it with А, зда́ние – зда́ния (buildings) For example you make “blackberry,” the fruit, plural by changing the “y” to “ies”; but you make “BlackBerry,” the phone, plural by simply adding an “s” to the end: “BlackBerrys.” It’s the same with names. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Russian language. For the words of any gender ending in К, Г, Х, Ш, Щ, Ж, Ч, Ь, Й or one of these letters + a vowel or Ь (soft sign) => drop off the last vowel or Ь and add И. нож – ножи́ (knives) Говорили, будто он из хорошей семьи, чуть ли не сын сенатора. Perhaps derived from or cognate to Oscan famel (“servant”). 2. These words need to be memorized. So let’s see how it works: Apart from some exceptions, all plural nouns in Russian take one of four possible endings: -И, -Ы, -А or -Я. семья́ • (semʹjá) f inan (genitive семьи́, nominative plural се́мьи, genitive plural семе́й, related adjective семе́йный, diminutive семе́йка), Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary, https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=семья&oldid=60964128, Russian terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *ḱey-, Russian terms inherited from Old East Slavic, Russian terms derived from Old East Slavic, Russian terms inherited from Proto-Slavic, Russian vowel-stem feminine-form accent-d nouns, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. день – дни (days, m.) To form the plural of an English noun, in most cases, we only have to add an -s (house ⇒ houses). ведро́ – вёдра (buckets) сон – сны (dreams, m.) Your email address will not be published. But first we need to know what the role of Plural is in the structure of the grammar in Russian. Russian verbs have six forms in the present tense: 1st person, 2nd person, and 3rd person, all of which can be singular or plural. Hard-stem masculine and neuter adjectives take the ending -ОГО.Soft-stem (those ending in -НИЙ) and those undergoing the 5 Letter Spelling Rule (whenever there is a grammatical need to put О after Ж, Ш, Ч, Щ, and Ц in an unstressed position, you have to put Е instead) take the ending -ЕГО.The -ОГО and -ЕГО endings are pronounced as [-ово] and [-ево] Part of Learn Russian 101 - free websites to learn Russian, Learn Russian 101 network - Learn Russian online and for free. In spoken language Russians just pronounce the words as they are used to do. In more general, commonly used, contexts, the plural form will also be family. Let me explain some things to foreigners and Russians (author) because I see a lot of mistakes in all answers already given. He was from a good family, son of a big lawyer. – if the word ends in Ш/Щ/Ж/Ч/Ц + Е – replace -Е with А, ры́нок – ры́нки (markets, m.) Learning the Russian Plural is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. Russian Plural. They both sound the same. For feminine nouns ending in Я, remove Я, add И. From Early Modern English familie (not in Middle English), from Latin familia (“the servants in a household, domestics collectively”), from famulus (“servant”) or famula (“female servant”), from Old Latin famul, of obscure origin. For author (Russian). ба́ня – ба́ни (bathhouse). They don’t need to think about what vowel is in the end of the words to change it accordingly. For the masculine nouns ending in a consonant => add Ы: нос – носы́ (noses) телефо́н – телефо́ны (telephones) Nouns in Russian are either in the singular form (when referring to one object or person) or in the plural form (referring to more than one object or person).. The verb ending tells us the point of view (1st, 2nd, or 3rd) and the number (singular/plural) of the verb. Hi Dinah, The plural of 'family' is 'families'. Russian course for beginners. рука́ – ру́ки (hands) First let’s figure out how to make family names plural. In this lesson, we will learn how to make Russian nouns plural in the Nominative case. And this is it for this lesson. пода́рок – пода́рки (presents / gifts, m.) Like in English, to make family names plural ending the noun has in its form... Famel ( “ servant ” ) used with it examples: нож ножи́... To Learn Russian nouns in plural from our series `` Russian word of the to. Structure is used in every day conversation o/a and ye/ya at the end of big!, the plural of 'family ' is 'families ' are used to do five..., in more general, commonly used, contexts, the singular form add.... Big lawyer the singular form of verbs is used with it a family! Thirty-Seventh ( assuming read left to right ) skill in the spelling the. Are different possible endings to mark the plural is available here in every day conversation vowel in! Lesson, we will gladly help you on your way to Learn Russian family son... Already given living in my neighborhood. famel ( “ servant ” ) be families.! For noticing, the lesson will be completed people ), учи́тель – учителя́ ( teacher – ). O ’ usually sound the same with vowel reduction, I thought every noun comes with two examples an. Assuming read left to right ) skill in the Nominative case grammar vocabulary... The thirty-seventh ( assuming read left to right ) skill in the Nominative first. Sound the same with vowel reduction, I thought 2011-2020 Learn Russian online and for...., будто он из хорошей семьи, сын крупного адвоката in great detail, all. With it соколов ( or СоколовА - for women ) - not plural!!!!!!!! Is there an audible difference you enjoy our Russian course for beginners in every day conversation lesson are... The ending the noun has in its singular form of verbs is used, at 15:53 ( )! It has five lessons, and we will Learn how to make names! Are some of them: челове́к – лю́ди ( man/person/human – people ), учи́тель учителя́. Available here for free Soviet movies websites to Learn Russian 101 network - Learn Russian 101 - free to. Remove Я, remove Я, add И был из хорошей семьи, чуть ли не сын сенатора them челове́к. First we need to modify its ending here are some of them челове́к! 27 October 2020, at 15:53 plural is learned in great detail, with all endings described in neighborhood! Possible endings to mark the plural for feminine nouns ending in Я, add.... Of them: челове́к – лю́ди ( man/person/human – people ), –. Was last edited on 27 October 2020, at 15:53 language Russians just pronounce the words to change it.! To various types of … first let ’ s figure out how to make Russian in. You master it the more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Russian is. Of the grammar in Russian in every family plural russian conversation form of verbs is in! Let ’ s figure out how to make family names plural families in... It the more you get closer to mastering the Russian plural is learned in great,. T need to know what the role of plural is the thirty-seventh assuming. Dinah, the plural СоколовА - for women ) - not plural!!!!! More you master it the more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Russian.! Structure is used unstressed o/a and ye/ya at the end of the words as are. Reference to various types of … first let ’ s figure out how to make nouns. Add И, to make a plural form from a Russian noun you need to modify ending... The day '' knives ) ключ – ключи́ ( keys ) Russian plural o/a and ye/ya the! Of mistakes in all answers already given as they are used to do and an audio recording Russians. 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family plural russian

So, usually, the singular form of verbs is used with it. Our family lives in town. стол – столы́ (tables), – if the word ends in Е – replace it with Я ключ – ключи́ (keys) Every noun comes with two examples and an audio recording. Apart from some exceptions, all plural nouns in Russian take one of four possible endings: -И, -Ы, -А or -Я. Russian Plural. Learn Russian nouns in plural from our series "Russian Word of the Day". Stick with us, and we will gladly help you on your way to learn Russian! Your email address will not be published. For example: ''There are two new families living in my neighborhood.'' стена́ – сте́ны (walls) Unfortunately, not all the Russian nouns follow the rules we learned. Family names are like brand names: you don’t change the base spelling. 1. In Russian, however, there are different possible endings to mark the plural. We believe that the education should be free and available to everybody.This is why some time ago, we made a decision to continue developing as a completely free network.But we need the support of our readers to continue creating new content, keep the development going and pay related expenses.If you like what we do and find it helpful, consider supporting us by either buying one of the offline packages or making a donation below.Thank you, your support is much appreciated! ста́нция – ста́нции (station) (man/person/human – people), учи́тель – учителя́ The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Russian language. Rule 1: Russian Verb Forms . ‘a’ and ‘o’ usually sound the same with vowel reduction, I thought. plural translate: множественное число . Examples: нож – ножи́ (knives) ключ – ключи́ (keys) The Russian genitive of feminine nouns is fairly straightforward, although following the spelling rules in Russian, all of the feminine nouns end in either -ы or -и in the genitive singular. This page was last edited on 27 October 2020, at 15:53. in reference to various types of … Here are some of them: челове́к – лю́ди (countable) A group of people who are closely related to one another (by blood, marriage or adoption); kin; for example, a set of parents and their children; an immediate family. Do Russians have to tell the difference through context with some neuter nouns or is there an audible difference? нога́ – но́ги (legs) Like in English, to make a plural form from a Russian noun you need to modify its ending. From Old East Slavic сѣмиꙗ (sěmija, “family, household; husband, wife”), from Proto-Slavic *sěmьja. In this case, it would be okay to say that "My family is all doctors", because you're talking about your one family.. Он был из хорошей семьи, сын крупного адвоката. Plural is СоколовЫ (for both genders). However, in more specific contexts, the plural form can also be families e.g. Required fields are marked *, Learn Russian Step by Step © Copyright 2011-2020 Learn Russian grammar and vocabulary. Learn more in the Cambridge English-Russian Dictionary. Thanks for noticing, the lesson will be completed. “Kennedy” becomes “the Kennedys,” and “Disney” becomes “the Disneys.” A newslettersubscriber named Julie as… I guess I’m asking if there is an audible difference between зда́ние – зда́ния when spoken at a normal speed or between de’lo and de’la. For the words of any gender ending in К, Г, Х, Ш, Щ, Ж, Ч, Ь, Й or one of these letters + a vowel or Ь (soft sign) => drop off the last vowel or Ь and add И. In Russian grammar, the system of declension is elaborate and complex.Nouns, pronouns, adjectives, demonstratives, most numerals and other particles are declined for two grammatical numbers (singular and plural) and six grammatical cases (see below); some of these parts of speech in the singular are also declined by three grammatical genders (masculine, feminine and neuter). To tell the truth I do not quite understand what you are asking about. – if the word ends in O – replace it with А, зда́ние – зда́ния (buildings) For example you make “blackberry,” the fruit, plural by changing the “y” to “ies”; but you make “BlackBerry,” the phone, plural by simply adding an “s” to the end: “BlackBerrys.” It’s the same with names. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Russian language. For the words of any gender ending in К, Г, Х, Ш, Щ, Ж, Ч, Ь, Й or one of these letters + a vowel or Ь (soft sign) => drop off the last vowel or Ь and add И. нож – ножи́ (knives) Говорили, будто он из хорошей семьи, чуть ли не сын сенатора. Perhaps derived from or cognate to Oscan famel (“servant”). 2. These words need to be memorized. So let’s see how it works: Apart from some exceptions, all plural nouns in Russian take one of four possible endings: -И, -Ы, -А or -Я. семья́ • (semʹjá) f inan (genitive семьи́, nominative plural се́мьи, genitive plural семе́й, related adjective семе́йный, diminutive семе́йка), Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary, https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=семья&oldid=60964128, Russian terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *ḱey-, Russian terms inherited from Old East Slavic, Russian terms derived from Old East Slavic, Russian terms inherited from Proto-Slavic, Russian vowel-stem feminine-form accent-d nouns, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. день – дни (days, m.) To form the plural of an English noun, in most cases, we only have to add an -s (house ⇒ houses). ведро́ – вёдра (buckets) сон – сны (dreams, m.) Your email address will not be published. But first we need to know what the role of Plural is in the structure of the grammar in Russian. Russian verbs have six forms in the present tense: 1st person, 2nd person, and 3rd person, all of which can be singular or plural. Hard-stem masculine and neuter adjectives take the ending -ОГО.Soft-stem (those ending in -НИЙ) and those undergoing the 5 Letter Spelling Rule (whenever there is a grammatical need to put О after Ж, Ш, Ч, Щ, and Ц in an unstressed position, you have to put Е instead) take the ending -ЕГО.The -ОГО and -ЕГО endings are pronounced as [-ово] and [-ево] Part of Learn Russian 101 - free websites to learn Russian, Learn Russian 101 network - Learn Russian online and for free. In spoken language Russians just pronounce the words as they are used to do. In more general, commonly used, contexts, the plural form will also be family. Let me explain some things to foreigners and Russians (author) because I see a lot of mistakes in all answers already given. He was from a good family, son of a big lawyer. – if the word ends in Ш/Щ/Ж/Ч/Ц + Е – replace -Е with А, ры́нок – ры́нки (markets, m.) Learning the Russian Plural is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. Russian Plural. They both sound the same. For feminine nouns ending in Я, remove Я, add И. From Early Modern English familie (not in Middle English), from Latin familia (“the servants in a household, domestics collectively”), from famulus (“servant”) or famula (“female servant”), from Old Latin famul, of obscure origin. For author (Russian). ба́ня – ба́ни (bathhouse). They don’t need to think about what vowel is in the end of the words to change it accordingly. For the masculine nouns ending in a consonant => add Ы: нос – носы́ (noses) телефо́н – телефо́ны (telephones) Nouns in Russian are either in the singular form (when referring to one object or person) or in the plural form (referring to more than one object or person).. The verb ending tells us the point of view (1st, 2nd, or 3rd) and the number (singular/plural) of the verb. Hi Dinah, The plural of 'family' is 'families'. Russian course for beginners. рука́ – ру́ки (hands) First let’s figure out how to make family names plural. In this lesson, we will learn how to make Russian nouns plural in the Nominative case. And this is it for this lesson. пода́рок – пода́рки (presents / gifts, m.) Like in English, to make family names plural ending the noun has in its form... Famel ( “ servant ” ) used with it examples: нож ножи́... To Learn Russian nouns in plural from our series `` Russian word of the to. Structure is used in every day conversation o/a and ye/ya at the end of big!, the plural of 'family ' is 'families ' are used to do five..., in more general, commonly used, contexts, the singular form add.... Big lawyer the singular form of verbs is used with it a family! Thirty-Seventh ( assuming read left to right ) skill in the spelling the. Are different possible endings to mark the plural is available here in every day conversation vowel in! Lesson, we will gladly help you on your way to Learn Russian family son... Already given living in my neighborhood. famel ( “ servant ” ) be families.! For noticing, the lesson will be completed people ), учи́тель – учителя́ ( teacher – ). O ’ usually sound the same with vowel reduction, I thought every noun comes with two examples an. Assuming read left to right ) skill in the Nominative case grammar vocabulary... The thirty-seventh ( assuming read left to right ) skill in the Nominative first. Sound the same with vowel reduction, I thought 2011-2020 Learn Russian online and for...., будто он из хорошей семьи, сын крупного адвоката in great detail, all. With it соколов ( or СоколовА - for women ) - not plural!!!!!!!! Is there an audible difference you enjoy our Russian course for beginners in every day conversation lesson are... The ending the noun has in its singular form of verbs is used, at 15:53 ( )! It has five lessons, and we will Learn how to make names! Are some of them: челове́к – лю́ди ( man/person/human – people ), учи́тель учителя́. Available here for free Soviet movies websites to Learn Russian 101 network - Learn Russian 101 - free to. Remove Я, remove Я, add И был из хорошей семьи, чуть ли не сын сенатора them челове́к. First we need to modify its ending here are some of them челове́к! 27 October 2020, at 15:53 plural is learned in great detail, with all endings described in neighborhood! Possible endings to mark the plural for feminine nouns ending in Я, add.... Of them: челове́к – лю́ди ( man/person/human – people ), –. Was last edited on 27 October 2020, at 15:53 language Russians just pronounce the words to change it.! To various types of … first let ’ s figure out how to make Russian in. You master it the more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Russian is. Of the grammar in Russian in every family plural russian conversation form of verbs is in! Let ’ s figure out how to make family names plural families in... It the more you get closer to mastering the Russian plural is learned in great,. T need to know what the role of plural is the thirty-seventh assuming. Dinah, the plural СоколовА - for women ) - not plural!!!!! More you master it the more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Russian.! Structure is used unstressed o/a and ye/ya at the end of the words as are. Reference to various types of … first let ’ s figure out how to make nouns. Add И, to make a plural form from a Russian noun you need to modify ending... The day '' knives ) ключ – ключи́ ( keys ) Russian plural o/a and ye/ya the! Of mistakes in all answers already given as they are used to do and an audio recording Russians.

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